Written MCQ Challenge
Students will be required to give a written answer. This may require the student to write a few short sentences or to label a diagram.
Example 1: During an action potential, which ion channels are the first to
Example 2: Label the missing structures on the following diagram of the eye.
Image-based questions will only be based on images on pages 3-5, 14-15, 20 and 39 of the booklet ‘Neuroscience of the Brain’. The student will not be asked about historical events, specific scientists or specific experiments.
This section of the competition will require students to answer questions based upon different books depending on the round.
This section of the competition will require students to individually answer questions posed to them. The student should give a one- to three-word answer or a short phrase.
Example 1: What is the large bundle of fibres that connects the two cerebral
hemispheres of the brain called? Answer: Corpus callosum.
Example 2: Name the simple test used to determine the differences in
sensitivity to touch at different parts of the body. Answer: Two-point discrimination test.
This section of the competition will require students to be able to diagnose a
neurodegenerative disease based upon the symptoms presented in a short video clip or during the interview with patient actors. Students should be familiar with the neurodegenerative diseases in this list.
The format of the section will depend on available resources. If the exam is of interview type, each student will have 4 minutes with a patient actor. The student will have to ask the questions that can be answered with only ‘yes’ or ‘no’.
ANATOMY AND HISTOLOGY
This section of the competition will require the students to be able to identify the structures on models or images of the central nervous system. The complete list of the structures is here.
Neurohistology section of the competition will require the student to be able to identify different types of neural tissue from a histological photo. There will be photos, models or microscope slides to identify the structures.
The neuroanatomy bell-ringer competition consists of approximately 20 stations where brains, brain slices, or pictures of brains will be presented. The brains will have pins stuck in a particular part of the anatomy, and there will be questions at each station that ask for the name of the structure and/or the function of that structure indicated by the pin. Students will have approximately 2 minutes at each station to write down their answers. When time is up, a bell will ring, and each student will move to the next station. To prepare for this part of the competition, look for a human brain atlas and a textbook covering basic neuroanatomy.
The complete list of structures that you are expected to know can be accessed here.
Here are a few web sites that might be useful as you study neuroanatomy:
http://faculty.washington.edu/chudler/nsdivide.html (for kids, but a good start!)
Sylvius software from Sinauer (http://www.sinauer.com/sylvius4/) (costs about $55)
3D map by Brain Facts (http://www.brainfacts.org/3D-Brain#intro=false&focus=Brain)
There will be 5 to 10 descriptions of patients with neurological disorders. Students will be required to diagnose the neurological disorders by interviewing the patients. Students will spend about 5 minutes with each patient in a patient diagnosis room. The questions must be of the type that can be answered by “yes”, “no”, or “I don’t know”. The patients will not be allowed to provide any other answers than these. At the end of the 4 minutes, the student will record the diagnosis for that patient, and move on to the next patient.
The list of all possible disorders can be downloaded from here.
To study for this part, you might try the Medical Encyclopedia of Medline Plus which can be found at the National Library of Medicine website: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/encyclopedia.html
A comprehensive 44-page long revision table for the Brain bee competition which will help you learn the names of the drugs, signaling molecules including neurotransmitters and hormones, diseases and genes from both books that are essential for any Brain bee competition: The Brain facts book and the Neuoroscience: The science of the Brain.