Basic Cell and Molecular Biology: What We Know & How We Found Out – 4e

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Gerald Bergtrom, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee Copyright Year: 2018 ISBN 13: 9780996150248 Publisher: University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee Language: English Formats Available ONLINE PDF Conditions of Use AttributionCC BY Source: Table of Contents Chapter 1: Cell Tour, Life’s Properties and Evolution, Studying Cells Chapter 2: Basic Chemistry, Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry Chapter 3: Details of Protein Structure Chapter 4: Bioenergetics Chapter …

Human Anatomy and Physiology learning resources

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Human physiology and anatomy are crucial topics in the biology olympiad. They typically make up around 25% of the exam. So knowing the key concepts of the human body is essential if you want to succeed in the competition. Below you will find some indispensable resources and links where you can learn human physiology and anatomy. A free online textbook …

Important textbooks for the biology olympiad

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Check How To Prepare for the Biology Olympiad And Science Competitions by Martyna Petrulyte. Also amazing books include: Campbell Biology Campbell Biology (11th Edition) (9780134093413): Lisa A. Urry, Michael L. Cain, Steven A. Wasserman, Peter V. Minorsky, Jane B. Reece: Books Life: The Science of Biology Life: The Science of Biology (9781429298643): David E. Sadava, David M. Hillis, H. Craig …

Recommended Cell Biology textbooks for the Biology Olympiad

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Cell biology is becoming a more and more poplar topic in the biology olympiad. This is not surprising given that cell biology underlies many biological processes and pathways. Knowing the most important aspects of the cell will be of great benefit in the biology olympiad. So you might be wondering what kind of books to read to prepare for the …

Mnemonics of hormones for the biology olympiad

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The endocrine system is by far the most complicated in the biology olympiad. There are tons of different hormones, tons of different functions carried out by one hormones, and tons of different regulators that control their secretion. So to help you memorize hormones faster and with less effort, we put together this list of mnemonics and diagrams. To be honest, …

Types of selection

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Below you will find a good article which summarizes the most important types of selection operating in the ecosystems. Scoville, Heather. “The 5 Types of Selection.” ThoughtCo, Aug. 22, 2019,

Notes of Molecular Biology of the Cell by Alberts

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Molecular Biology of the Cell by Alberts is a recommended textbook for the biology olympiad. Below you will find a great summary of the key chapters from the textbook. If you don’t have time to read the entire textbook, check out these notes:

General Biology

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The word biology means, “the science of life”, from the Greek bios, life, and logos, word or knowledge. Therefore, Biology is the science of Living Things. That is why Biology is sometimes known as Life Science. The science has been divided into many subdisciplines, such as botany, bacteriology, anatomy, zoology, histology, mycology, embryology, parasitology, genetics, molecular biology, systematics, immunology, microbiology, physiology, cell biology, cytology, ecology, and virology. Other branches of science include or are comprised in …

Amino acid properties

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Amino acids and their properties are commonly tested in the biology olympiad. Thus, we have created a useful handout which will help you learn amino acids fast.  You can find the handout below: Amino acid review handout


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Life table and survivorship curves are important part of olympiads. Please find this useful handout below. Donovan pages 311 EE.pdf Global warming vector created by vectorjuice –

Revision notes for olympiad

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Here you will find another great set of notes for quick revision before olympiad.

Ecological niches

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An ecological niche is the role and position a species has in its environment; how it meets its needs for food and shelter, how it survives, and how it reproduces. A species’ niche includes all of its interactions with the biotic and abiotic factors of its environment.

Michaelis Menten Equation

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Michaelis Menten equation is used to study the kinetics of enzymatic reaction. Usually, the rate of reaction (a.k.a. velocity) is measured at several different substrate concentration values.  Below there is a succinct explanation of Michaelis Menten equation.

Enzyme kinetics and thermodynamics

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Below you will find a concise description of main principles of thermodynamics and enzyme kinetics. Chemical elements vector created by freepik –

Glycogen metabolism

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Glycogen is the most important storage form of glucose in animal body. Thus, it is of paramount importance to understand how glycogen is utilized. Below you will find a concise outline of biochemistry of glycogen which is not covered in Campbell, but you can come across some questions regarding this in olympiads.

Linkage, Recombination, and Eukaryotic Gene Mapping

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In this tutorial you will learn more about genetic analysis, recombination frequencies and linkage.


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In olympiads you will encounter glycolysis very often. It is useful to remember the main enzymes, substrates and unique properties of reactions involved in this process. Also do not forget that glycolysis occurs in the cytoplasm, not in mitochondrion.

Diffusion and Transport Across Cell Membranes

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In order to successfully function, survive, and reproduce all cells require the ability to transport molecules in and out of the cell. There are two main transport types: active and passive transport. In the outline below you will learn unique characteristics of each.

Amino acid degradation

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Amino acids are important biomolecules in living organisms, thus it is important to know how amino acids are recycled.

Mating systems in animals

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Here you will learn more about mating systems which are descriptions of who mates with whom in the animal world.