The Science Bowl competition is a high school and middle school science knowledge competition using a quiz bowl format held in the United States. A buzzer system similar to those seen on popular television game shows is used to signal an answer.
Teachers and coaches frequently ask how to best prepare their students for the Science Bowl competition. There are various successful strategies your team can utilize. Here are just a few ideas and guidelines that may help.
Forming a National Science Bowl® Team
If your school doesn’t already have a math and/or science club, start one as soon as possible. You don’t have to have 30 students interested in science to make a National Science Bowl® team. Getting one started usually takes a little effort, but once you get it going, they usually are very easy to keep going year after year. Also, once you do form one, make sure it is worth the students’ time. Historically, the more successful teams at science competitions are made up of very enthusiastic students that come from schools with fun, well-organized math and/or science clubs (regardless of size). We are talking about quality not quantity.
Selection for your National Science Bowl® team can be difficult. Each student should be knowledgeable in all of the discipline areas. However, the more successful teams have students that are more specialized in different areas. For example: Student “A” might be better at mathematics than the rest of his/her team. Student “B” might be better at physics and astronomy that the rest of his/her team. This will give your team a good balance with an “expert” in each of the disciplines. It is also a good idea to have a few grade levels represented, not just the higher grade levels. By breaking up your team, you will still have some veterans this year while giving a few rookies the necessary experience to carry your team next year. Some teachers let the students vote for team members based on knowledge, performance, and attendance. Others hold practice competitions to determine the team. It is ultimately up to you, so choose your team wisely. Most competitions allow non-participants to watch all the matches and to cheer their team’s achievements. Remember, all students on the team MUST be from the same school! Also, it is recommended that coaches place 5 students on each team: if one student cannot attend the National Finals, the other four students will still be eligible to attend. Teams of three students are NOT eligible to attend the National Finals.
Make a Schedule
Make an agenda or study schedule during your first meeting. Your team needs to decide how many hours they will spend per week in the practicing. Initially, practice times may be short, but as the competition nears you may want to schedule more intensive practices. Brainstorm ideas with your team for review and practice. Decide how long your meetings will last. An hour meeting might be broken up with 30 minutes of review of the subject for the week, and 30 minutes of knowledge games. At least 2 practice competitions are recommended. This will help familiarize the students with the rapid fire, oral presentation for the questions (which is quite different from answering review questions from their text books). Keep the team enthusiastic and focused on the task at hand each week. Bring in science teachers or the school principal to act as practice moderators. Be sure the contest rules are adhered to stringently.
Week 1: Get to know you, ice breakers, fun games
Week 2: Biology and Chemistry
Week 3: Math and Physics
Week 4: Earth and Space Science
Week 5: Energy and General Science
Week 6: Review rules and strategies
Week 7: Practice Competition
Week 8: Biology and Chemistry
Week 9: Math and Physics
Week 10: Earth and Space Science
Week 11: Energy and General Science
Week 12: Review rules, strategies, and disciplines
As mentioned earlier, each student needs to be familiar with all seven subjects. However, students should be concentrating the bulk of their studying/reviewing on their own 2-4 areas of expertise. Students should concentrate their efforts on learning topics from which questions are likely to come. The toss-up questions must be answered in less than 5 seconds and the bonus questions must be answered in less than 20 seconds. Do not waste time studying problems that have long, time consuming solutions. Focus more time studying things like definitions, formulas, concepts, and short answer problems. By studying wisely, students will be able to spend more time practicing and learning to solve problems quickly.
Know the Rules & Game Playing Strategies
Make sure each student knows the rules of the competition. This cannot be stressed enough. Every year teams lose points because the students do not know all of the rules. Also, teach the students the strategies of the game for different situations. For example: if the team is in the lead during the second half of the game, recognize that the clock is now the team’s ally. If your team is awarded a bonus question, train the students take a few extra seconds to double check with each other to make sure they get the question right. If they are too hasty with their decisions, the lost ten bonus points could come back to haunt them in a close match. Being well versed in the rules and knowing all strategies of the game, your team will have the edge in a close match and may even allow them to triumph over a better team that is not as strategic.
Practice, Practice, Practice
There is no substitute for hard work and this means self-discipline and practice. Make an effort to duplicate an actual competition as much as possible. Also, it is a good idea to rotate the person asking the questions each game. This will allow them to get experience hearing the questions come from different tones of voice, accents, and dialects. Do not wait until the month before the Regional Science Bowl to practice for the competition. Use old test questions from your previous exams or even Trivial Pursuit and Jeopardy games if you have to. Just get them familiar answering the questions orally and waiting to be recognized before answering.
Keeping It Fun
Do not lose sight of the overall focus of getting your students interested in science and math. Finding the right combination of fun games and interesting study tools could take a little work. There are many new and interesting ideas out there. The internet is an excellent place to get some great knowledge games and interactive study tools. Just remember, the more the students enjoy it, the more they will want to do it, and the more successful they will become. Given the proper motivation, preparation, and encouragement, your team will have a successful, and rewarding science bowl experience. You can then channel your National Science Bowl® team’s enthusiasm and momentum to do other fun things throughout the year. For example: the National Science Olympiad program, Math Counts, or the National Ocean Science Bowl.
Establish Team Goals
There can be only one winner of the National competition, but participation itself is important. Involve the students in the establishment of realistic goals for the team each competition year. Celebrate and document these goals in posters and team practice sessions. Many National champions build on the successes of each year until the championship is won.
Set goals that will challenge the team. Schools competing for the first time win many regional competitions. Do not be intimidated because your school has not participated in the past.
• Make sure the principal, teachers and administrative staff at your at your school know that the National Science Bowl® team is an active program and that you are the person in charge.
• Find out about your school’s policy regarding use of the school facilities and equipment. Do they allow use of shop facilities, computer lab, etc.?
• The lock-out buzzer system used in the National Science Bowl is from Novel Electronic Designs. The systems can be found online at BuzzerSystems.com/.
If your school has similar programs such as quiz bowl, their clubs may use comparable buzzer systems and they may be willing to lend you their system, if you ask nicely!
Students can also practice with eight different pieces of fluorescent paper. The students can be acknowledged according to color.
• Official clocks to time the rounds of competition and the questions can be purchased from local sporting goods store or you may want to utilize the clock in the room. We recommend stopwatches to time questions.
• When practicing, set up the room the same as an actual competition room.
• Get your students familiar with the roles of the officials.
Resources and Suggestions
• Inform your science club of current events in the subject areas used in competition, as well as energy related events.
• Some of the best resources are the Glossaries in the back of books.
• National Science Bowl® resources website: http://science.energy.gov/nsb/high-school/high-school-regionals/hs-rules-forms-resources/
• Publisher contacts:
McGraw Hill 877-833-5524 www.mcgraw-hill.com
Pearson Education 800-848-9500 www.pearsoned.com
Franklin, Beedle, & Associates 800-322-2665 www.fbeedle.com
Jones and Bartlett Learning 800-832-0034 www.Jblearning.com
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt 800-462-6595 www.hmhco.com
http://academicearth.org/ — Courses in a variety of subjects from the world’s top scholars
http://www.khanacademy.org/ — videos about everything.
http://new.hippocampus.org/ — videos about everything.
http://www.larrygonick.com/html/pub/pub.html — Cartoon Guide series
http://quizlet.com/subject/science-bowl/ — Flash cards
http://www.sciencegems.com/ — Frank Potter’s science gems is a huge resource categorized by content area and grade level: K – 16.
The American Heritage Student Science Dictionary
A Dictionary of Science (Oxford Paperback Reference)
The Handy Science Answer Book, a compilation by the Carnegie Library of Pittsburg
http://www.mathwords.com/ — Math Vocabulary
Beyond Numeracy by John Allen Paulos
Mathematics: A Human Endeavor by Harold Jacobs
The Joy of Mathematics by Theoni Pappas
More Joy of Mathematics by Theoni Pappas
The Harper Collins Dictionary of Mathematics
The Penguin Dictionary of Mathematics
Campbell Biology 9/E – AP edition
Biology 8th edition by Solomon Berg and Martin
Biology by Raven, Johnson, Losos and Singer
Conceptual Physics by Hewitt
Conceptual Physical Science by Hewitt, Suchocki, Hewitt
Fundamentals of Physics by Halliday, Resnick and Walker. 8th Edition
Universe by Freedman and Kaufman
http://chemed.chem.purdue.edu/genchem/topicreview/index.php –college chemistry review from purdue
http://www.meta-synthesis.com/webbook.html — chemogenesis is a novel approach to understanding chemical reactivity.
http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/General_Chemistry — Wiki books provides a general rundown of chemistry basics
http://antoine.frostburg.edu/chem/senese/101/glossary.shtml — a good and complete glossary of chemistry terms
Conceptual Physical Science by Hewitt, Suchocki, Hewitt
Chemistry: The Central Science with Mastering Chemistry® (12th Edition) – older editions are great and much less expensive to purchase.
Earth and Space Science
http://www.learnearthscience.com/ (good glossary of earth science terms and interactive quizzes)
http://sciencepage.org/earth.htm (this is a very general site with excellent selected resources – some guidance required for students)
Earth Science (With CD-ROM) by Edward J. Tarbuck, Frederick K. Lutgens, Dennis Tasa, Publisher: Prentice Hall
Earth Science and the Environment (with EarthScienceNow and InfoTrac) by Graham R. Thompson, Jon Turk, Publisher: Brooks Cole
Alternative energy sources
Department of Energy National Laboratories and cutting edge research
Economics, supply / demand
Energy storage (other than batteries)
Social, political considerations